This section contains summaries of the main useful products developed thanks to the case studies activity. Links to the information sheets are also provided in the section “Case Studies” , for each specific sectors: Energy, Tourism, Wildfires and Integrated case study.
Mediterranean forests are vulnerable to fire, primarily due to the long, hot and dry summers, the mild winters, the strong winds prevailing especially during the summer season and the intense terrain as well as the flammable xerophytic vegetation. A tragic event demonstrates this vulnerability when during the summer of 2007 Greece experienced two extreme and unprecedented events. The first was the occurrence of three extreme heat waves that hit the country from late June to the end of August. The extremely high temperatures combined with a prolonged dry period triggered the ignition of the most extensive and destructive forest fires in the country’s modern history. During that period a total of 2700 km2 were destroyed and 84 people lost their lives. As extreme as this event may be, it is not unique; making the preparedness of civil protection services a high priority.
Authors: C. Giannakopoulos (NOA), A. Karali (NOA)
As a natural resource for tourism climate determines the attractiveness of a region and therefore it has a limiting function on the “tourism potential”. For Croatia, benefiting primarily from beach tourism, the climate-related change in the thermal component of climate potential is likely to become increasingly important. Adaptation to climate change is important not only for tourists but also for many other actors involved in tourism sector.
Authors: Ksenija Zaninović (Meteorological and Hydrological Service of Croatia)
ICT allow to better know the Tourism climate and its variation in the spatial and seasonal scale in order to make better use of the country's potential climate and diversification of tourism products. ICT is one of the most requested products by stakeholders of the Tunisian tourism according to a survey.
Authors: Latifa Hénia (Grevachot, Tunisia)
The insecurity of traditional energy supplies and climate change threats make renewable energy – with the most significant contribution of wind energy - one of the main objectives of the EU sustainable development strategy. In Croatia the uptake of wind energy is rather low, but accelerating due to the huge private interest in the wind energy business. Therefore, wind power has a huge potential to become a progressive and competitive sector of the Croatian economy, provided the potentials of interested stakeholders are unlocked. Consequently climatological wind behavior is the crucial factor for the assessment of wind energy resources.
Authors: Alica Bajić (DHMZ), Kristian Horvath (DHMZ), Stjepan Ivatek-Šahdan (DHMZ)
Information on changes in precipitation extremes may be essential for water sector particularly for hydro energy systems (planning and construction of hydro-power plants). It is therefore important to assess their changes in the near-future climate which is of particular interest for stakeholders. Change in frequency of heavy precipitation events (e.g. R95) and intensity of multi-day precipitation (e.g. Rx5d) may have impacts on changes in water balance components and consequently on river water level and discharge that are included in planning and construction of hydro-power infrastructure (plants, dams, reservoirs). In case of increase, inflow in the reservoir may cause flooding and have implications on dam safety.
Authors: Mirta Patarčić (DHMZ), Marjana Gajić-Čapka (DHMZ), Ksenija Cindrić (DHMZ), Čedo Branković (DHMZ)
Complex influence of climate variables on tourism can be expressed by quantitative estimate (or an index) of suitability of climate for a wide range of tourist activities and leisure. Such an index would enable the assessment of climate attractiveness in order to choose a destination and time for different types of tourism.
Authors: Ksenija Zaninović (DHMZ)
In the period 2000-2007 about a half of the total electricity production in Croatia was generated from hydro power plants and about 50% of the total installed power capacities are in hydro. Hydro-power system planning requires a long-term approach because planning and construction of power plants take a long period of time and they usually have a long operation life time (80-100 years). For such a long time spans, it is important to consider the information about climate change.
Authors: Ivan Güttler (DHMZ), Čedo Branković (DHMZ), Robert Pašičko (UNDP Croatia)