CLIMRUN Project: Climate Local Information in the Mediterranean region: Responding to User Needs
Paolo Ruti (ENEA, Italy) , Scientific Coordinator of CLIM-RUN Project
The Project on Climate Local Information in the Mediterranean region: Responding to User Needs (CLIM-RUN) has completed its first year of activity. All the provisions have been accomplished and some preliminary results have been achieved.
The concept of Climate Service (CS) is not new. It t was launched in 2009 within the broad meteorological family of United Nations when the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) created the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) to diffuse the enormous bulk of scientific information and data on climate produced worldwide to a larger community of users and decision makers involved in the risk management and the adaptation to climate variability and change policy.
In this context, CS was defined as a timely production and delivery of useful climate data, information and knowledge to decision makers (GFCS, 2011).
Within CLIM-RUN, a Climate Expert Team (CET) and a Stakeholder Expert Team (SET) was created from the very beginning to start soon an internal dialogue and identify the best way to transfer information to stakeholders and organize the information.
In the spirit of CLIM-RUN project, the users of the sectors considered in the project have been soon identified and invited to different workshops.
The CLIM-RUN case studies address two main economical sectors for the Mediterranean and European economy as a whole: Tourism and Energy. They have been complemented by a focus on wild fires, which represents a risk factor affecting both tourism and power plants. Finally, two integrated case studies have been developed in order to consider several over coastal areas of the Northern Adriatic.
Short case studies description.
Tourism - The selected tourism case studies has involved Tunisia, Savoie (France) and Cyprus. This will allow us to cover the northern, southern and eastern regions of the Mediterranean Basin. This choice covers various categories of tourism, including coastal tourism (Tunisia, Cyprus), mountain and rural tourism (Savoie), all highly developed in a tourist perspective but with different management approaches (centralisation in Tunisia vs. increased involvement of local authorities in France). It covers also various host environments and climate locations and various climate data requirements of relevance to key issues perceived locally, such as heat waves and drougths.
Energy - The energy case studies have involved East and South Spain, Morocco, Cyprus. This will allow us to cover the Greater Mediterranean region and varying conditions such as various forms of energy power plants, including wind, solar, solar-thermodynamic; various host environments and climate locations: the islands of Cyprus and Sicily, coastal environments in Spain and Morocco; various climate data requirements of relevance to key issues perceived locally, such as heat waves.
Coastal Zone Integrated Case Studies - The coastal zone of the North Adriatic Sea is a representative example of Mediterranean coastal zone including various fragile ecosystems such as coastal wetlands and lagoons, and high cultural and socio-economic locations (e.g. the city of Venice). Moreover, the Northern Adriatic coastal zones are considered to be particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts (such as increase in flood risk, increase in erosion and permanent submersion of low-lying areas). Two main case studies will be developed on the western and eastern coast.
Wild Fires - The work was performed for the regions of interest in the Mediterranean. Such regions could be for example national conservation parks of great significance for each country participating (Greece and Spain).
It is now time to move to a more detailed discussion between CET and SET. The climate expert team is producing a first lit of parameters, frequency and temporal horizon. They will interact more closely with the Stakeholder Expert Group and within the different working packages.
Next Governing Board of CLIM-RUN project will be held in Barcelona on March 20-22, 2012 and it will an occasion to discuss, among other, the organisation of the Summer School to be held in Trieste, and the way climate experts will answer the needs obtained by the analysis of the CLIMRUN workshops.