1.2 The tourism sector: the case studies of Tunisia, Savoie, and Croatia
Adeline Cauchy - TEC, France
The second round of workshops on tourism sector was held during the months of May and June in Tunisia, Savoie and Croatia. These workshops provided a new opportunity to deeply interact with stakeholders in the tourism sector on key issues of the project. Climate and stakeholders teams presented a selection of past and future climate products, supposed to answer user needs and improve their decision making in the context of climate change:
• For the Tunisian seaside tourism: indicators of the bathing season (Seasonal SST forecasts for Summer), a new Tourism Comfort Index, Changes in temperature, precipitation and sea level in 2050.
• For Croatia: Thermal component of climate potential for tourism in Croatia
• For summer tourism in Savoie Mountain: a set of products related to past and future climate (from latest available projections) related to trends on mean parameters (spring snow, temperature, precipitation) and extremes (heavy rainfall, droughts etc.. ) at different geographical scale and altitude, a product on the evolution of the temperature of the water mountain lake etc.
Discussions on the format and accessibility of the information occurred. For operational stakeholders in Savoie, it appears clearly that the most appropriate way to communicate on climate projections is to produce curves, otherwise, data are entirely open to interpretation using a set of maps. This situation may imply disturbing situations between actors with distinct values and interests. Thus, stakeholders underlined a need for a product that is analyzed, adapted, and specific. It could avoid individual interpretations. It is also useless to accumulate graphics. The best is to have one graphic, clear and explicit with a detailed analysis.
• In addition to those discussions, stakeholders expressed their point of view on the final use of these products in improving the decision making process and reducing the vulnerability of the sector. For instance, in Tunisia, the use of the SST seasonal forecast could help the tourism sector to exploit the opportunity of a longer bathing season or manage the risk of a shorter one. The discussions showed perspectives regarding the dissemination and sustainability of the products (via local or national institutions (e.g. Observatory of Climate Change in Savoie or Institute of Meteorology in Tunisia).